Myvatn, located in northern Iceland, is renowned for its stunning landscapes, geothermal activity, and diverse ecosystems. Here are the top places to visit in Myvatn:
1. Myvatn Nature Baths:
Nestled in the heart of the Myvatn region, the Myvatn Nature Baths offer a sanctuary of relaxation within geothermal waters. The thermal spring water is sourced from depths of up to 2,500 meters, enriched with minerals renowned for their therapeutic properties. Surrounded by the captivating landscape, these baths provide not only a soothing escape but also a unique geological experience. The area, with its high-temperature geothermal activity, contributes to the creation of these inviting pools, making it an integral part of the Myvatn geothermal wonders.
2. Grjótagjá Cave:
Concealed within the volcanic terrain, Grjótagjá Cave is more than a filming location from Game of Thrones; it is a geological marvel with a rich history. This subterranean sanctuary was once a popular bathing spot until volcanic activity altered its temperature. Despite the water becoming too hot for bathing, the cave retains an otherworldly ambiance. Adjacent to the cave lies a fracture zone, emphasizing the dynamic geological forces shaping the region.
3. Dimmuborgir Lava Fields:
The Dimmuborgir Lava Fields, often referred to as the "Dark Castles," boast an intricate labyrinth of towering lava formations. This volcanic wonderland emerged from a catastrophic lava flow around 2,300 years ago, leaving behind a surreal landscape. The unique rock formations, including arches and caves, create an ethereal environment that captures the imagination.
4. Hverfjall Crater:
Towering over the Myvatn landscape, Hverfjall Crater is an imposing tephra ring volcano with a diameter of approximately 1,000 meters. What adds to its allure is the complex series of fissures surrounding it, revealing the intricacies of its formation. The crater's ash and lava deposits provide geologists with valuable insights into Iceland's volcanic history. Hverfjall, with its raw, untamed beauty, stands testament to the region's volcanic forces.
5. Skútustaðagígar Pseudo Craters:
Skútustaðagígar's pseudocraters, formed through a unique interplay of lava and water, create a distinctive landscape. These craters, often overshadowed by their more prominent counterparts, offer a fascinating geological story. They formed when molten lava encountered the wetlands, causing steam explosions that shaped the pseudocraters we see today. This less-explored natural phenomenon highlights the delicate balance between fire and water in the Myvatn region.
6. Krafla Volcano and Víti Crater:
The Krafla Volcano, an active geological hotspot, showcases the dynamic nature of Iceland's volcanic activity. The Víti Crater, situated within the Krafla caldera, stands as a testament to this ongoing volcanic process. Contrary to its name, which means "hell" in Icelandic, Víti's vibrant turquoise waters offer a mesmerizing contrast to the surrounding volcanic landscapes. The region's history includes eruptions, ground deformation, and geothermal energy utilization, making Krafla a living laboratory for geologists and visitors alike.
7. Vindbelgur Mountain:
Vindbelgur Mountain, a prominent feature in the Myvatn landscape, captivates visitors with its panoramic views of Lake Myvatn and the surrounding areas. The mountain invites exploration through its hiking trails, offering both serenity and a deeper connection to the natural wonders that define the Myvatn region.
8. Sigurgeir´s Bird Museum:
Opened on August 17th, 2008, Sigurgeir´s Bird Museum stands as a unique tribute to Sigurgeir, a dedicated bird collector. Housing an impressive collection of about 330 stuffed birds and 500 eggs, the museum boasts a gallery displaying 280 birds and 300 eggs. A must-visit for families, bird enthusiasts, and photographers, it offers a rich exploration of Myvatn's avian diversity.
These attractions offer a glimpse into the natural wonders and cultural richness of the Myvatn area, making it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and explorers.